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Messages - Kelana

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1
Ada baiknya menanyakan langsung kepada penyelangara acara, kegiatan apa saja yang akan dilakukan di sana, Jika melalui info dari teman biasanya tidak rinci atau bisa salah, bisa dikurang, bisa dilebih-lebihkan. Ketika kita sudah tahu maka kita bisa memutuskannya.

Jika kita "terpaksa" harus datang dan ternyata tidak sesuai dengan harapan kita, jika mau kita bisa memutuskan meninggalkan kegiatan itu, atau mengikutinya sampai akhir dengan memasang "penyaring" dalam pikiran kita apakah kegiatan yang dilakukan , dibicarakan sesuai Dhamma atau tidak, jika tidak sesuai anggaplah angin lalu.

Demikian.

2
Theravada / Re: Hasil kamma
« on: 30 May 2016, 08:18:11 PM »
Halo semua,

Di dalam Sutta Buddha mengatakan hasil kamma adalah sesuatu yang tidak dapat dipikirkan. Tetapi kita tahu pendek umur, terbunuh, dst. adalah hasil dari membunuh; kemiskinan adalah hasil dari tidak suka berdana atau mencuri; tidak dipercayai oleh orang lain adalah buah dari berbohong.

Lalu mengapa dikatakan hasil kamma adalah sesuatu yg tidak dapat dipikirkan? Terima kasih.

Mungkin kita perlu membaca sutta tersebut lebih lengkap. Seingat saya, dalam sutta memang disampaikan bahwa kamma vipaka adalah tak terpikirkan, tapi itu bagi orang awam tapi tidak berlaku bagi Sammasambuddha.

Apa yang kita ketahui sekarang mengenai akibat karma tidak lain adalah pengulangan kisah dalam sutta yang mengisahkan masa lampau seseorang yang membunuh yang berakibat pada kehidupan sekarang terbunuh, dan ini merupakan apa yang Sammasambuddha lihat dan Ia sampaikan sebagai contoh peristiwa kepada kita (orang awam).

Kita tidak benar-benar tahu dengan kepala kita sendiri bahwa membunuh akan berakibat terbunuh, selama kita tidak tahu (mengikuti) proses dari keseluruhan peristiwa itu.

Demikian.


3
Theravada / Re: Sikap pikiran yang benar dalam membalas jasa
« on: 30 May 2016, 07:59:01 PM »
Mengenai balas jasa. Menurut saya tergantung dari tujuan hidup orang itu. Jika tujuannya membalas jasa, maka itulah yg harus ia utamakan, tetapi jika tujuannya adalah Kebebasan maka bebas dari kemelekatan yang harus ia utamakan.

Hanya sedikit catatan, kita mungkin perlu berhati-hati mengatakan "semua berasal dari pikiran" karena setahu saya dalam koteks-konteks tertentu hal ini tidak bisa diterapkan.

Demikian.

4
Lowongan / Lowongan Kerja: Staf Home Visit
« on: 25 April 2016, 11:42:28 AM »
Lowongan kerja

Dibutuhkan segera Staf Home Visit untuk Perusahaan produk baby di Jakarta

Dengan memenuhi kelengkapan yg diperlukan seperti berikut:

- Pria/Wanita
- Maksimum usia 35 tahun
- Lulusan SMA/K/Diploma/Sarjana
- Penampilan menarik
- Punya SIM C
- Bisa pakai apps Android & Gmaps
- Menyukai bidang anak dan bayi
- Tidak merokok
- Domisili sekitar Sunter

Silahkan kirim CV dan lamaran lengkapnya ke :

email: hr[at]3dportrait.asia

Terima kasih

Sumber:


5
Theravada / Re: betulkah karma bisa diturunkan?
« on: 14 April 2016, 08:11:59 PM »
mana suttanya yg lengkap.jangan ambil diperpus dc.
kalau boleh mas yg translate.sy punya versi inggrisnya,
tapi salah terjemahan .tdk sesuai.


I'm the owner of actions, the heritage of actions, action is my origin, action is my relation and refuge. Whatever action I do, good or evil, will be my inheritance..(Sbr: awake.kiev.ua)

Soy dueño de mis acciones , heredero de mis acciones, nacido de mis acciones, ligado a mis acciones, y tengo a mis acciones como juez. (Sbr: Suttacentral.net - Spanyol)

Eigner und Erbe meiner Taten bin ich, meinen Taten entsprossen, mit ihnen verknüpft, habe sie zur Zuflucht und die guten und bösen Taten, die ich tue, werde ich zum Erbe haben. (Sbr: palikanon.com - Jerman) - bisa gunakan google translator untuk mengartikannya

Dari berbagai sumber dan terjemahan yang berbeda, hasil dari terjemahannya tidak jauh berbeda, yaitu hanya diri sendiri saja sebagai pewaris bukan orang lain. Dan semua diperkuat dengan Dasadhamma Sutta di Anguttara Nikaya 10.48. Sisa isi yang lainnya yang ada dalam sutta tidak terkait dengan topik mengenai karma bisa diwarisi atau tidak.

Isi lengkapnya bisa kita cari di Google tentang Upajjhatthana Sutta  atau disebut Abhiṇhapaccavekkhitabbaṭhāna Sutta di Anguttara Nikaya 5.57 dan Dasadhamma Sutta.

Itu saja yang bisa saya sampaikan.
 _/\_

6
Theravada / Re: betulkah karma bisa diturunkan?
« on: 13 April 2016, 11:05:52 AM »
"Aku adalah pemilik karmaku sendiri, pewaris karmaku sendiri, lahir dari karmaku sendiri berhubungan dengan karmaku, sendiri terlindung oleh karmaku sendiri. Apapun karma yang aku perbuat, baik atau buruk itulah yang aku warisi. "
(Upajjhatthana Sutta - Anguttara Nikaya 5.57)

Jadi siapa pun yang mengatakan bahwa karma sendiri bisa diwariskan kepada generasi berikut adalah berpandangan keliru, dan bukan yang Buddha ajarkan.

Kemudian muncul pertanyaan: lalu mengapa kepala keluarga yang berbuat kesalahan tapi seluruh anggota keluarga
"menanggung juga".

Pertama, istilah "menanggung juga" ini adalah klaim sepihak bagi mereka yang kebetulan memiliki situasi seperti itu, tapi padahal ada juga yang tidak menanggung.

Kedua, mengapa itu terjadi (ada yang berkesan menanggung)? Karena buah karma buruk masing-masing individu anggota keluarga yang memiliki sifat yang sama tersebut berbuah bersamaan, dan karma buruk  si kepala keluarga hanyalah pengondisi berbuahnya karma buruk masing-masing individu anggota keluarga.

Contoh:
Seorang koruptor ditangkap dan dipenjara, tapi jelas keluarganya yang tidak koruptor tidak ditangkap dan dipenjara.  Keluarga mungkin merasa sedih, menderita, tapi jelas penderitaan yang muncul bukan jenis yang sama dengan si koruptor karena mereka tidak merasakan dinginnya penjara. Dan penderitaan anggota keluarga ini muncul dari berbuahnya karma buruk mereka yang berbeda dengan si koruptor. Karma buruk mereka berbuah saat kondisinya sesuai yaitu adanya peristiwa tertangkapnya si koruptor.

Demikian.

7
Wa berpikir seperti ini misalnya kita kemping ke gunung pada malam yang dingin kita membuat api unggun untuk menghangatkan badan, setelah api unggun menyala kita tentu nya mencari tempat yang ideal kan.

Mari kita mulai prosesnya sebagaimana manusia berpikir bila kita duduk terlalu dekat dgn api unggun tentu nya bisa terbakar atau kepanasan, bila terlalu jauh bisa kedinginan jadi duduk tidak terlalu jauh dari api unggun dan terlalu dekat dgn api unggun sampai proses ini right view (right understanding), setelah pengertian muncul pula keputusan yang menetapkan untuk kira kira duduk A,B,C,D munculah kehendak wa mau  duduk sendiri di area C (right itention/ right resolve, right thought) , disini bisa melalui proses berbincang dgn teman sambil berjalan duduk ke area c tersebut ( bisa terjadi ucapan benar dan perbuatan benar),

Tetapi bisa terjadi saat kita berjalan ke area c teman berbincang kita mengatakan untuk duduk di area e kita bicara tentang si Ahok kemarin terjadi penyimpangan dari area yang seharus ada di antara abcd ke area e yang membuat badan gemetar karena dingin nya

Ok, Thanks atas pendapatnya, Sdr. Kullatiro
 _/\_

8
Saat ini pemikiran benar, sudah ada penafsiran berbeda  dari right thought, ada yang menggunakan right itention ada yang menggunakan right resolve, pada dasarnya pada pikiran kita akan ada sekelompok pikiran muncul bergantian dari pikiran tersebut atau kebiasaan dari pola pikiran yang timbul atau ada muncul suatu keputusan dan kemudian keputusan yang kita buat tersebut dilaksanakan menjadi perintah untuk melakukan suatu perbuatan yang seharusnya kita sadari sepenuhnya.

Jadi menurut Sdr. Kullatiro, yang dimaksud dalam hal ini adalah  proses berpikirnya, atau hasil berpikirnya atau keputusannya?

Thanks
 _/\_

9
Baru2 ini yg menarik menjadi topik perbincangan dunia adalah di temukannnya Planet Kepler 452-B.Dikatakan sebagai bumi baru yg mgk punya kehidupan karna terdapat air,udara,gunung,bintang seperti matahari dan sbgnya yg mirip dgn Bumi yg kita tinggal ini.Negara China sibuk membuat Teleskop mencari jejak Alien.Stephen Hawking pun gak mau kalah dgn mengarap dana mencari Alien.Jika beberapa puluh tahun atau bahkan beratus ratus thn kemudian benar kita menemukan Alien,apakah Agama akan bertahan?Kris ,Is.Budh dan agama lainnya memiliki Konsep adanya Tuhan.Tuhan memang menciptakan semuanya.Bukankah semua agama mengajarkan Tuhan menciptakan Manusia sbg makhluk yg paling sempurna?jika ada kehidupan selain di Bumi,apakah semua kitab suci agama di bumi adalah sebuah penipuan terbesar?.Karna tdk ada Nabi,Buddha,Paulus ataupun permuka agama yg mengajarkan adanya kehidupan selain manusia.Sepertinya ajaran Tuhan dan mistri ruang angkasa adalah misteri terbesar yg mgk gak bisa sejalan ajarannya.
Sdr. Wu Wo, pertanyaan Anda  berdasarkan pada asumsi dan pemahaman yang tidak benar  mengenai agama Buddha.
Pertama, dalam Agama Buddha tidak dikenal adanya tuhan yang merupakan sosok personal yang menciptakan manusia dan semesta seperti dalam pengertian agama lain. Jadi jika Anda mengartikan ”tuhan” di sini adalah sama dengan pengertian dari agama lain, maka tidak ada hal seperti itu dalam Agama Buddha. Tapi jika Anda mengartikan ’tuhan” di sini sebagai karma dan alam, maka hal itu diajarkan dalam Agama Buddha.

Jadi pertanyaan (pernyataan) Anda yang mengatakan bahwa semua agama mengajarkan tuhan menciptakan semuanya adalah tidak benar. Agama Buddha tidak mengajarkan hal itu, jadi tidak bisa dikatakan SEMUA agama mengajarkan bahwa tuhan menciptakan semuanya.

Kedua, Agama Buddha mengajarkan bahwa ada kehidupan selain manusia, yaitu hewan, dewa, yaksa, dll. Jadi pernyataan Anda bahwa Buddha tidak mengajarkan adanya kehidupan selain manusia adalah tidak benar.
Agama Buddha juga mengajarkan adanya sistem tata surya lain yang jumlahnya sangat banyak, termasuk di dalamnya planet yang terdapat kehidupan seperti di bumi.

Jadi, jika ada penemuan makhluk lain di luar bumi maka hal ini tidak mengherankan bagi Agama Buddha, dan justru memperkuat kebenaran yang diajarkan oleh Agama Buddha.

Quote
Adakah pandangan lain dari Senior2 di sini yg tdk terpaku pada kitab suci?Maksudku yg tdk berdasarkan pd buku2 kitab.Karna buku kitab di tulis oleh manusia juga.Karna sudah menginkari adanya Pecipta(karma dan Alam).Gimana kita mempercayai Buku tulisan Manusia?

Sdr. Wu Wo, pandangan lain yang tanpa terpaku pada kitab suci akan sangat sulit dilakukan lantaran pertanyaan yang diajukan juga berdasarkan dan menuntut jawaban dari kitab suci.

Contohnya: Berdasarkan apa Anda bisa menyimpulkan bahwa SEMUA agama mengajarkan Tuhan menciptakan Manusia sbg makhluk yg paling sempurna? Bukankah Anda telah membaca kitab suci atau literatur keagamaan lainnya yang mengatakan demikian dan menyimpulkannya?


Demikian.

10
Permulaan konflik etnis di rakhine

http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-801578

11
International delegates at a seminar on the history of Rakhine State were told on Saturday that there are no Rohingya people in Myanmar - and that these people were actually Bengali. The seminar took place at Mahidol University.


"The seminar was held with three objectives - introduction of Rakhine history to the international community, to correct a continued description of Rohingya by international media that is not recognised by successive Myanmar governments, and to bring reliable references of Rakhine history from international historians," said Kyaw Thaung, one of the seminar's organisers.

Dr Jet Pilder, an expert on Asian Studies from France, explained the origins of the Arakan kingdom, Bodaw Phaya's occupation of Arakan and the political, religious and economic history of the area from 1785 to 1825: Members of Rakhine's elite were sent into exile between 1785 and 1795 and the administration was jointly controlled by Myanmar and Rakhine. Increased tax was collected and forced labour was seen from 1795 to 1810, when Myanmar people also began to settle in the area. A rebellion against the rule of Myanmar's king from 1787 to 1815 saw Rakhine people head to southern Bengala.

Similarly, Professor Stephen van Galen of Germany's Leiden University briefed on relations between the Rakhine region and Bengal from the 15th century to 18th century.

After 1638, Rakhine's control over southeastern Bengal waned due to a shortfall in tax revenue. And Rakhine's economy stagnated after Chittagong was lost in 1666, he added.

He also cited another reason for the impact on Rakhine's economy - the withdrawal of Dutch businessmen.

Meanwhile, history Professor Aye Chan of Kanda University of International Studies, Japan, traced the increased cross-border settlement from 1826 to 1975 as Chittagong natives moved in to become the majority in Maungdaw and Buthedaung townships. In his talk "From Rakhine cross-border settlement to ethnic violence", Chan said the Bengali Muslim population increased from 58,255 in 1871 to 178,647 in 1911, when they represented 94 per cent of the population in Maungdaw and 84 per cent in Buthedaun. He also explained Muslim rebels' destruction of Rakhine villages.

"What I can say exactly is that those who call themselves Rohingyas are really Bengalis. This can be seen in the records of the colonial era. Rakhine State has no Rohingyas," Chan said.

Pilder, when asked about the annexation of Rakhine State in the Bagan period, replied that there was no evidence it ever occurred.

"I never come across the term 'Rohingya'. But Muslims settlers arrived in Mrauk-U around 17th century. They did not name themselves as Rohingyas then. Other cultures also reached Mrauk-U in that century. The first Dutchman arrived in Mrauk-U in 1608."

Chan also responded to a question about the term "Rohingya".

"I have talked about this before. A man named Abdul Gaffa from Buthedaung, Rakhine State, created [the term Rohingya] in 1951. Actually he made it up from the name 'Roshang' or 'Rohan'. It's a Bengali word meaning Rakhine people."

When a Bengali activist Htay Lwin Oo asked about Rohingya and the Rakhine State, Chan said the term "Rohan" does not mean illegal immigrants."

Professors of history, diplomats, reporters and journalists attended the seminar, which also attracted more than 150 Rakhine Buddhist monks and students studying in Thailand.

Sumber:
Inggris
Indonesia

12
Seremonial / Re: Selamat hari Waisak 2559 BE / 2015
« on: 02 June 2015, 01:39:04 PM »
To: All

Selamat Hari Vesak 2559 BE / 2015

Semoga semua makhluk berbahagia _/\_

13
tanggal kabel 2006-02-22 09:02

Lalu yang ditebalkan tanggal apa ya??

14
Viewing cable 06RANGOON235, BURMA'S VAST INTERNMENT CAMP: NORTHERN RAKHINE


C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 05 RANGOON 000235
SIPDIS
SIPDIS
STATE FOR EAP/MLS AND PRM
PACOM FOR FPA
E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/17/2016
TAGS: PHUM PREF PREL EAID BM
SUBJECT: BURMA'S VAST INTERNMENT CAMP: NORTHERN RAKHINE
STATE
REF: 226
RANGOON 00000235  001.2 OF 005
Classified By: CDA Shari Villarosa for Reasons 1.4 (b,d)
¶ 1.  (SBU)  Summary:  In a country where everyone is oppressed
by the military, some are treated worse than others.  In
general, the ethnic minorities are treated worse than the
ethnic Burman majority, and non-Buddhists face more
restrictions on their religious practices.  Charge visited
Northern Rakhine State January 25-27 with a group of other
diplomats organized by UNHCR to learn why the international
community in Burma agrees that the Muslims living in Northern
Rakhine State are treated worst of all.  Absent dramatic
political changes, UNHCR presence there may be required
indefinitely to ensure the basic survival of these people "of
concern" living in the most miserable of
circumstances--lacking freedom of movement, citizenship, and
land.  The current regime does not recognize these people as
citizens, merely as residents.  They are stateless.  The
district military commander and the district peace and
development council have almost a blank check to control the
Muslims as they see fit.  The primary tactic they use is
humiliation.  We should provide humanitarian assistance in
coordination with other donors and assist a local Muslim
group addressing their educational needs. End Summary
GRIM CONDITIONS
¶ 2.  (SBU) The Muslims of Northern Rakhine State (they call
themselves Rohingyas, which the regime rejects, instead
calling them Bengali-speaking Muslims) have been persecuted
for more than 40 years.  We visited the two townships where
most of the Muslims are concentrated:  Maungdaw (97% Muslim)
and Buthidaung (95% Muslim).  The previous dictator, Ne Win,
tried to force them from their native Rakhine lands in the
1960s.  An estimated one million left, according to the
Pakistani Ambassador, with many ending up in Pakistan, Saudi
Arabia, as well as neighboring Bangladesh.  Many returned
home in the 1970s, but then faced persecution again in
1977-78 when 500,000 fled to Bangladesh (again most returned)
and the early 1990s when 350,000 left (and again most
returned).  Today, according to UN estimates, 850,000 people
live in Northern Rakhine State (the three northernmost
townships of Rakhine State bordering Bangladesh); over 90%
are Muslim; over 50% are landless; and 80% are illiterate.
Northern Rakhine State is the most densely populated rural
area in Burma with 164 people/square kilometer compared to
the national average of 74.  Infant mortality is four times
the national average (71 per 1000 births); 64% of children
under five are chronically malnourished and stunted growth is
common.  Teachers are scarce as well with one for every 79
students vice the 1:40 national average.
¶ 3.  (SBU)  The combination of high population density and low
productivity results in an annual rice deficit.  In addition,
rice prices are set higher than elsewhere in Burma to stem
smuggling to Bangladesh.  The World Food Program, the Food
and Agriculture Organization and INGOs have tried to assist
with alternative crops suitable for dry season cultivation.
The landless depend on seasonal work, primarily rice
cultivation from June-December.  80% are illiterate with few
marketable skills.   The scarcity of work and rice becomes
most pronounced from March-May.  Government restrictions on
freedom of movement of people and goods hamper trade.
¶ 4.  (SBU) Most of the last group of refugees returned a
decade ago, and now only a few of the estimated 20,000
refugees remaining in Bangladesh trickle back (210 returned
in 2004 and 92 returned in 2005).  The remaining refugees
RANGOON 00000235  002.2 OF 005
retain the option of returning, but UNHCR does not encourage
them to return.  UNHCR has shifted from providing
resettlement assistance to providing protection.  It regards
all of the Muslims in these three townships as "of concern"
due to their miserable circumstances and lack of legal
status.  One UNHCR rep working in Northern Rakhine State said
he did not mind the isolation or separation from his family,
but found the sense of hopelessness hardest to handle.  UNHCR
representatives described the environment as one of their
most difficult anywhere because they have no agreement with
the authorities on basic standards and no laws.
NO FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT
¶ 5.  (SBU)  To guard this "vast internment camp" the military
has stationed 8000 soldiers and customs and immigration
officials at 108 locations manning 50 checkpoints.    This
makes it difficult for the people to access health clinics,
schools and other programs set up by NGOs to provide basic
services and training.  Permission to leave the townships is
even harder.  A local professional with UNHCR said his
daughter won prizes for being the top student in her high
school, but was not allowed to travel outside the township to
sit for university exams.  His son had faced the same
situation and chose to go to Bangladesh for a university
education; now his son does not plan to return.  Muslims
interested in working with UNHCR must be willing to sacrifice
their freedom of movement.  Even though they are not subject
to these restrictions in Rangoon where they have long lived
with their families, once they go to Northern Rakhine State
to work for UNHCR, they too lose their freedom of movement.
UNHCR will intervene to give these employees opportunities to
visit their families, but again it depends on the whims of
the local authorities.
LITTLE EDUCATION
¶ 6.  (SBU) Based on the large numbers of children we saw out
of school, the majority of children do not attend public
schools.  Madrassahs have been set up in many villages to
provide some education to boys; girls generally receive the
least education.  We met with a group of women who had formed
a microlending program.  When asked what they would do with
additional income earned, they said they would send another
child to school, with boys given precedence.  The women
estimated annual school fees at the equivalent of $20.
Several of the women had one or two children in school, but
they also noted that they had a total of 5-7 children.  The
one school we visited had 380 students in one extended
classroom and only two teachers.  The day we visited, the
students were receiving their monthly allocation of 20 pounds
of rice from the World Food Program.  World Food Program
estimates their school feeding program has achieved a 300
percent increase in school attendance, reaching 87,000
students.   Many of the NGO-run health centers have day care
facilities attached to provide meals and some instruction to
pre-school aged children.
FORCED LABOR, FORCED RELOCATIONS, and FORCED CONTRIBUTIONS
¶ 7.  (SBU) With half the population and 90 percent of the
returnees landless, the people become more vulnerable to
demands for forced labor and forced contributions.  The
forced labor can vary from carrying loads for government
officials, standing sentry duty on the major paths around the
villages to report any outsiders without approvals, repairing
roads, and anything else an official feels entitled to demand
of the population.  The UNHCR reports that the number of
forced labor complaints have declined since the peak in 2001,
RANGOON 00000235  003.2 OF 005
with 80 filed in 2005.  UNHCR representatives said that they
would intervene even without a complaint where they note
"high levels" of forced labor.  Rape is less common than in
other ethnic areas, according to UNHCR representatives.
¶ 8. (SBU) All land in Burma is owned by the state with a
system of land tenancy.  The landless farm as sharecroppers,
with the shares depending on the goodwill of the individual
with land tenancy rights.  In keeping with the divide and
rule tactics used throughout the country, the authorities
have coopted the elite by giving some land tenancy rights.
Nevertheless, both the landless and those with land tenancy
rights have no appeal should authorities arbitrarily revoke
their land rights.  Usually they are forced from their
traditional land as the authorities move in ethnic Burmans
and ethnic Rakhines.  In one case, the authorities populated
a model village with urban criminals released from prison.
The authorities provided the released criminals with large
homes with metal roofs and electricity along with substantial
farmland on the condition that they live in Northern Rakhine
State.  The authorities then told the criminals that they
could make the Muslims work their lands.
¶ 9. (SBU) The Muslims in Rakhine face additional demands.  For
instance, since there are relatively few Buddhists in the
region, the authorities force Muslims to build Buddhist
temples and monasteries, while denying them permission to
make repairs to their mosques.  The Muslims of Northern
Rakhine do not face pressures to join the regime's mass
member organization, the United Solidarity and Development
Association, since they are not regarded as citizens.
However, they still must contribute plastic chairs, or the
cash equivalent, to USDA for their rallies.
DAILY HUMILIATION
¶ 10. (SBU) The Muslims must request permission to travel from
one village to another, to marry, to improve their homes, and
to do anything else the authorities can think of.  These
permits usually also require payment of a fee.  Women must
register their pregnancies.  The procedures change frequently
and largely depend on the whim of the approving authority
keeping the Muslims confused and becoming a costly burden.
UNHCR will intervene when the demands become too egregious.
For instance, to reduce birth rates, the authorities in 2005
decided to stop granting approval for marriages until UNHCR
intervened.  Then some local authorities imposed a new rule
that they would approve marriages, but the prospective groom
would have to submit a photo with no beard, contrary to his
religious practices, with his application.
¶ 11.  (SBU) While we saw new Buddhist temples and monasteries
throughout the area (mostly built with forced labor), the
majority of the mosques were crumbling.  One mosque had
salvaged metal siding randomly tacked up for walls.
Crumbling thatched roofs covering the mosques were common.  A
mosque in the center of Maungdaw town had been converted to a
fire station by the authorities.  The authorities usually
deny permission to repair mosques, but occasionally one might
be permitted.  After the repairs are made, according to UNHCR
reps, just to humiliate the people and show who's in charge,
the authorities sometimes claim that the work went beyond the
permit and order it all dismantled.
INTERNATIONAL REACTION
¶ 12.  (U) This trip also provided an overview of the
international programs to assist the people of Northern
Rakhine State.  The UNHCR has the lead among the UN agencies
RANGOON 00000235  004.2 OF 005
here and works through international NGOs (INGOs) to provide
Burmese language training to women to decrease their
marginalization and to children so that they can enroll in
school, health care, skills development for the most
vulnerable populations, income generation and financial
self-help for the most vulnerable.  The INGOs operating in
Northern Rakhine State include:  Action Contre la Faim
(nutrition program), Aide Medicale Internacionale (primary
health care in Buthidaung township, but running into problems
with local authorities because their clinics are more popular
than public health clinics), Bridge Asia Japan (basic rural
infrastructure), CARE Australia (agro-forestry, including
securing land rights to sloping land), Community and Family
Services International (community services and language
training), Groupe de Recherche et d'Echanges Technologiques
(agricultural production), Malteser (primary health care in
Maungdaw Township with good working relations with local
authorities; training community health workers), Medecins
Sans Frontieres-Holland (malaria, TB, HIV/AIDS preventions).
The major donors are the European Commission/European Union,
Japan, Australia, Germany, UAE, and Norway.

¶ 13. (C) More dispiriting has been the reaction of others from whom we expected more sympathy:

Bangladesh:

 The Ambassador participated in this visit. Although he acknowledged the terrible conditions, he found
conditions in some ways better than in Bangladesh.  "In Bangladesh people have a state, but no land; here they have no state, but land to farm."  He made clear his primary concern is that the Northern Rakhine Muslims do not return to Bangladesh.

Pakistan: 

The Ambassador participated in this visit.  He provided historical background on how Pakistan had tried to
help in the past, but did not offer to do anything more than wring his hands now.  He whispered that the U.S. must speak out about this, and could not respond when asked why Pakistan
did not speak out.  He subsequently thanked Charge for asking the District Officer, a Lt. Col and the most senior official we met, about lifting restrictions on freedom of movement.


Singapore: 

The Ambassador participated in this visit and coined the best description:  a vast internment camp.  When asked why other Muslim nations did not speak out, he said they all have problems with minorities, who claim some separateness, citing the example of the Kurds.  If these nations highlighted the plight of the Rohingyas, then they would, at a minimum, look hypocritical, for not addressing the demands of minority groups in their own countries.

India: 

The Ambassador and DCM both agreed that the situation was inhumane, but they professed greater concern that the Rohingyas would become terrorists, saying we should focus our attention there, rather than trying to improve their plight.

Saudi Arabia:

 They have just opened an Embassy in Rangoon. The Saudi Charge made clear that the primary goal of this Embassy is to repatriate 120,000 Rohingyas living without documents in Saudi Arabia for many years.  They had entered Saudi Arabia on Pakistan and Bangladesh passports, but those countries refused to renew them.  Charge asked if he realized that sending them back would effectively mean sending them to prison.  He acknowledged that the timing might not be right, but that the situation in Burma might improve in the future.When asked about the relatively small number of Rohingyas in comparison with other overseas workers in Saudi Arabia (he rattled off:  1 million each from Egypt and Pakistan, 900,000 from Indonesia, 400,000 from the Philippines), he replied

RANGOON 00000235  005.2 OF 005

that the others all had passports.

Burmese political activists in exile whom Charge met February
13:  After proudly describing their efforts to develop a
constitution in consultation with representatives of various
ethnic groups, Charge asked about the provisions they had
made for the Muslims of Northern Rakhine State.  The first
response:  they are not citizens.  They disputed Charge's
assertion that these people had been living in that area for
hundreds of years.  Finally they admitted to an agreement
with the Arakans (a Buddhist ethnic group inhabiting the rest
of Rakhine State), that the Muslims would not have the right
to a separate state, but that they would be accorded
individual rights.

COMMENT
¶ 14. (SBU) The Rohingyas are a small group of oppressed people
in a country full of many oppressed people.  The others have
received more attention because their plight has made it to
the international press.  The military has effectively sealed
the Rohingyas off from the world and keeps them at the bare
subsistence level-it is an internment camp.  The
international community, with the UNHCR in the lead, has
responded to enable these people to survive-just.  If
international donors disappeared, the fate of these people
would be far worse.  Their only hope for better lives is a
government willing to accord them basic rights of citizenship
and freedom.  The current government essentially acts as
prison guards.  We should not assume that any future
democratic government will accord these people their basic
human rights, but should insist on it.  In the meantime, we
should join other donors in providing humanitarian assistance
to the Rohingyas and send the message to the military that we
will not permit their elimination.  We also recommend support
for efforts by the Islamic Center in Rangoon to start an
English language program in Northern Rakhine State (reftel).
VILLAROSA


https://wikileaks.org/cable/2006/02/06RANGOON248.html

Saya mempertanyakan tanggal yang di tebalkan. 2016???

Berarti wikileaks bisa error juga  ^-^

15
Setahu saya, Mara memang ada beberapa  pengertian, baik sebagai makhluk maupun kondisi batin.
Linknya bermanfaat. Thanks

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